Research Article| Volume 2, ISSUE 1, P35-63, March 1982

Evaluation of Colloids, Crystalloids, Whole Blood, and Red Cell Therapy in the Critically Ill Patient

  • William C. Shoemaker
    Corresponding author: Department of Surgery, Los Angeles County Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, 1000 West Carson Street, Torrance, California 90509
    Professor, Department of Surgery, Los Angeles County Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California

    The UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California
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      The direct effects of plasma expanders in critically ill patients are evaluated using physiologic criteria. In general, colloids improve hemodynamic and oxygen transport, while sodium-rich crystalloids increase arterial pressure and peripheral resistance. Algorithms for the use of various agents in resuscitation and critical illness are proposed.
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