Research Article| Volume 9, ISSUE 3, P559-572, September 1989

Cytopathology of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Bruce A. Werness
    Corresponding author: Laboratory of Tumor Virus Biology, National Cancer Institute, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892.
    Guest Researcher, Laboratory of Tumor Virus Biology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland
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      Although other methods exist for routine identification of most sexually transmitted diseases, the pathologist can often recognize the etiologic agents or their cytologic effects on Papanicolaou (Pap) smear. Useful clinical information requires both the ability to recognize these effects and knowledge of their limitations. Pap smear changes characteristic of Trichomonas vaginalis, Chlamydia trachomatis, herpes simplex virus, Gardnerella vaginallis, Candida sp., and human papillomavirus infections are described and their diagnostic accuracy evaluated.
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      1. Werness BA, Douglas JM, Clark D, et al: Interpathologist variability in the recognition of human papillomavirus infection on Papanicolaou (Pap) smear. In preparation

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