Research Article| Volume 12, ISSUE 4, P819-833, December 1992

Legal Issues in Transfusion Medicine: Is Blood Banking a Medical Profession?

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      In legislation concerning the transfusion of AIDS, the issue of whether blood banking is a profession has become extremely important. The status of blood banking determines how blood center actions will be judged and what liability rules will be applied. The issue was recently hotly argued in the high courts of Colorado and Florida. The courts’ decisions impact not only on the outcome of other lawsuits regarding the transfusion of AIDS against blood banks, but also on the way blood bank practices will be made in the future.
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      1. Belle Bonfils Memorial Blood Bank v Hansen, 195 Colo 529, 579 P2d 1158 (l978)(Belle Bonfils I) and 665 P2d 118 (Colo 1983){Belle Bonfils II)

      2. Bradway v American National Red Cross, No. 1:89 cv-1073-MHS (ND Ga, July 8, 1991)

      3. Carroll et al v Blood Center of Southeastern Wisconsin et al, No. 753-411 (Wis Cir Ct, Dec 10, 1988); KW, RW v Belle Bonfils Memorial Blood Center, No. 87-CD-4127 (Colo Dist Ct, Mar 31, 1989); Clark v. United Blood Services, No. CV 88-6981 (Nev 2nd Jud Dist Ct Apr 27, 1990); Beeson v JK and Susie Wadley Research Institutes and Blood Bank et al, No. 89-04827-E (Tex Dist Ct, June 12, 1991)

      4. 21 CFR sec 606.20(b)

      5. Coe v The Superior Court of the City and County of San Francisco, No. A048198 (Cal Ct App, May 9, 1990), appeal denied, No. 5016115 (Cal Sup Ct, July 25, 1990)

      6. Doddridge DD: AABB News Briefs: Blood bank litigation and professional standards of practice. 14, April, 1991 Referring to the Quintana case.

      7. Doe v American Red Cross, 337 SE2dd 323, 326 (SC 1989); and Bradway v American National Red Cross, No. 1:89 CV-1073-MHS (ND Ga, July 8, 1991)

      8. Kozup v Georgetown Univ, ‘663 F Supp 1048, 1055 (DDC 1987), aff’d in relevant part, 851 F 2d 437 (DC Cir 1988); Shelby v St. Lukes Episcopal Hospital, No. H-86-3780 (SD Tex, March 17, 1988)

      9. Moore v Underwood Memorial Hospital, 371 A2d 105, 107 (NJ 1977); Hines v St. Joseph’s Hospital, 371 P2d 1075 (Ct App), cert denied, 529 P2d 1232 (NM 1974) Hutchins v Blood Services of Montana, 506 P2d 449, 452 (Mont 1973), Anonymous Blood Recipient v William Beaumont Hospital, No. 89-363705-NH, slip op at 8 (Mich Cir Ct, Feb 7, 1991); Larrison v American Red Cross, No. 86 CV 1543, slip op at 2 (Wis Cir Ct, July 28, 1988)

      10. Osborn v Irwin Memorial Blood Bank, et al, No. 891-642 (Cal Super Ct, Dec 1, 1988)

      11. Osborn et al v Irwin Memorial Blood Bank et al, No. 891642 (Cal Ct App, Apr 9, 1992)

      12. Quintana v United Blood Services, et al, No. 86CV11750 (Colo Dist Ct, June 3, 1988)

      13. Quintana v United Blood Services, No. 88-CA-1057 (Colo App Ct, Feb 14, 1991)

      14. Sawyer v Methodist Hospital, 522 F2d 1102, 1105 (6th Cir 1975); Tufaro v Methodist Hospital, Inc, 368 So2d 1219, 1221 (La Ct App 1979)

      15. Silva v Southwest Florida Blood Bank, Inc, No. 77,980 (Fla Sup Ct, May 28, 1992)

      16. Silva, at 7

      17. Silva, at 9

      18. Silva, at 12

      19. Silva v Southwest Florida Blood Bank, Inc, 578 So2d 503 (Fla 2nd DCA 1991)

      20. St. Luke’s Hospital v Schmaltz, 188 Colo 353, 534 P2d 781, 784 (1975)

      21. United Blood Services v Quintana, No. 91SC172 (Fla Sup Ct, Mar. 23, 1991)

      22. Quintana at 32

      23. Quintana at 34

      24. Quintana at 25

      25. Quintana at 39

      26. United Blood Services v Quintana, No. 91 SC 172 (Colo Sup Ct, Mar 23, 1992) With original defendant United Blood Services making the appeal to the Supreme Court, they become the petitioner and are listed first.

      27. Valdiviez v United States, 884 F2d 196, 199 (5th Cir 1989)