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Osteoporosis (low bone mass) depends on the peak bone mass attained and bone loss after the peak. Sex steroids (estrogens and androgens) have an impact on both processes. In this article the roles and mechanisms of estrogens and androgens are discussed in relation to clinical osteoporosis. Other hormones and hormonelike drugs, such as raloxifene, may be used to mimic the effects of natural sex steroids.
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