Research Article| Volume 20, ISSUE 3, P439-454, September 2000

Epidemiology of Fractures and Assessment of Fracture Risk

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      The impact of osteoporosis and fractures is substantial, particularly in the elderly The risk of fracture is highest in women and among whites. The impact of the disease is projected to increase dramatically over the next 50 years, particularly in the developing world. Recent studies have established that bone mineral density is predictive of fractures and that bone density at the hip is the preferred measurement for predicting risk of hip fractures in the elderly. Other clinical risk factors including weight, personal and family history of fracture, smoking, and use of certain medications are also extremely useful as independent predictors of fracture risk.
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