- •Various new drugs of abuse that are not yet regulated are available for purchase at stores and over the internet.
- •Drugs with new chemical structures may be missed on routine drug screens that are not designed to detect them.
- •Bath salts labeled “not for human consumption” are amphetamine analogs that cause cardiac, neurologic, and psychiatric symptoms characteristic for amphetamines.
- •Herbal incense blends labeled “not for human consumption” contain synthetic cannabinoids that are more potent than marijuana.
- •The incidence of drug abuse in the elderly is increasing and is projected to double by 2020.
|Name||Alternate Names||Effect||Chemical Analog||Clinical Effects|
|Bath salts||Charge Plus
(many more exist)
|Legal ecstasy||Benzo fury
Exotic super strong
XXX Strong as Hell
Prolonged QT Interval
|Stimulant||Amphetamine||Same as for bath salts|
|Herbal incense||Black Magic
(many more exist)
|Hallucinogen||Salvinorin A||Hallucinations (seldom present for medical evaluation)|
|Opiate||Mitragynine||Low dose – stimulant
High dose – opiate effect
|Xylazine||Anestesia de Caballo||Tranquilizer||Xylazine||Skin ulcers|
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- Emergency department visits after use of a drug sold as “bath salts” – Michigan, November 13, 2010-March 31, 2011.MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011; 60: 624-627
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Disclosure: The author has no relationship with a commercial company that has a direct financial interest in the subject of this article, in the materials discussed within this article, or with a competitor to any company or substance discussed in this article.