Review Article| Volume 27, ISSUE 2, P411-424, June 2007

Teaching Medical Students Basic Principles of Laboratory Medicine

      Laboratory medicine is a distinct medical discipline and a tool for patient care that is used in all specialties. It is based on underlying concepts that govern the proper use and interpretation of laboratory tests. This article suggests how to educate medical students about important preanalytic, analytic, and postanalytic variables that affect laboratory results. The authors postulate that laboratory medicine training requires a combination of focused lectures and a constant reinforcement of its principles throughout clinical rotations.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribers receive full online access to your subscription and archive of back issues up to and including 2002.

      Content published before 2002 is available via pay-per-view purchase only.


      Subscribe to Clinics in Laboratory Medicine
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Walvaren C.V.
        • Naylor C.D.
        Do we know what inappropriate laboratory is? A systematic review of laboratory clinical audits.
        JAMA. 1998; 280: 550-558
        • Bodenheimer T.
        High and rising health care costs. Part 2. Technologic innovation.
        Ann Intern Med. 2005; 142: 932-937
        • Hernandez J.
        Cost effectiveness of laboratory testing.
        Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2003; 127: 440-445
        • Dale J.C.
        • Ruby S.G.
        Specimen collection volumes for laboratory tests.
        Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2003; 127: 162-168
        • Kankirawatana S.
        • Berkow R.
        • Marques M.B.
        A neonate with bleeding and multiple factor deficiencies.
        Laboratory Medicine. 2006; 37: 5-7
        • Flood J.G.
        • Laposata M.
        Concepts in laboratory medicine.
        in: Laposata M. Laboratory medicine: clinical pathology in the practice of medicine. ASCP Press, Chicago2002: 1-14
        • Howanitz P.J.
        • Steindel S.J.
        • Heard N.V.
        Laboratory critical values policies and procedures: a College of American Pathologists Q-Probes Study in 623 institutions.
        Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2002; 126: 663-669
        • Marques M.B.
        • Waites K.B.
        • Jaye D.L.
        • et al.
        Histologic examination of bone marrow core biopsies has limited value in the diagnosis of mycobacterial and fungal infection in AIDS patients.
        Ann Diagn Pathol. 2000; 4: 1-6
        • Laposata M.
        What many of us are doing or should be doing in clinical pathology: a list of the activities of the pathologist in the clinical laboratory.
        Am J Clin Pathol. 1996; 106: 571-573
        • Lewandrowski K.
        Managing utilization of new diagnostic tests.
        Clin Leadersh Manag Rev. 2003; 17: 318-324